An orange peel texture is one of several potential imperfections that can occur after you apply new paint to your car. Orange peel texture refers to a dimpled, bumpy appearance that’s like the surface of a citrus fruit. It becomes particularly prominent when light shines on your vehicle, with the reflection becoming wavier and rougher.
Although orange peel often occurs when you attempt a DIY paint job, it can result from poor professional conditions or may be present when you receive a car directly from the manufacturer.
HOW ORANGE PEEL PAINT HAPPENS:
To understand how orange-peel effect occurs, it’s important to know the process of painting a car. Today, that’s primarily based on atomization. Through an instrument spraying paint, the substance particles are broken up even further into small droplets. This results in a more even, smoother finish.
Orange peel occurs when the paint is not divided into fine enough particles. This results in chunky paint that ends up on the car’s surface, creating a rough and uneven texture.
While this factor is typically behind most cases of orange peel paint, other scenarios may influence its appearance such as:
-The paint was applied at too hot of a temperature
-The paint was not mixed thoroughly or correctly
-Paint thinner started to evaporate from the solution
-Too much paint was applied at once
-The spray gun was not on the correct setting, resulting in less air
-The spray gun was not angled perpendicularly to the vehicle or was too close to the surface
HOW CAN I CORRECT ORANGE PEEL PAINT?
Orange peel paint corrections should be done by a professional. Avoiding the orange peel effect in the first place comes down to the right ratios and conditions: Painting in a shaded area with a sufficient amount of air and paint thinner that won’t cause clumps or a runny consistency. If you purchased a car with orange peel paint or a DIY project led to these results, improvement starts with applying a compounding polish to lessen the bumpy texture. From here, if the texture is still visible in the sunlight, a professional will use a fine-grain sandpaper to wet-sand the surface until the bumps are gone. After, the remaining paint is polished for a smooth, professional finish or the surface may be repainted entirely, including base and clear coats.